|2 or 3 credits. Why does U.S. environmental law work reasonably well to achieve its declared objectives, but energy law does not? Since the 1973 Arab oil embargo, every President has declared that a central goal of national policy for the United States is to become less dependent on imported oil, but our "addiction" to imported oil (in the words of George W. Bush) has only increased. And this is in a country that is among the richest in the world in deposits of oil, natural gas, and coal, as well as renewables. This research seminar examines national energy law and policy since World War II, with the objective of understanding why the legal techniques that we have applied have been so unsuccessful in achieving their declared objectives. We focus particularly on policies intended to stimulate renewables and other alternative sources of energy, including energy efficiency. But unlike past courses, this one considers renewables not in isolation but in dynamic interrelationship with policies toward conventional fossil sources of energy. Open enrollment but not open to undergraduates. Paper.